Galungan and Kuningan Day in Bali
One of the most prominent holidays in Balinese 210 day calendar are undoubtedly those of Galungan and Kuningan. The former of Galungan and Kuningan is on the Wednesday of the Dungulan week and the latter on the Saturday occur roughly once every seven Gregorian months.
The day before Galungan day is call Penampahan Galungan, this is the day for the slaughter of the pigs or chickens that precedes Galungan. The tradition to slaughter of pigs or chickens called mebat. Mebat is one of unique tradition in Bali, the Balinese are required to be able to cook or participate any kind of activity that involves cooking, like slicing meat, shallots, garlics, chillies and other herbs & spices to be used as the ingredients. Mebat is the activity of cooking perform when there is a general or sacred ceremony held in Bali, where Balinese men gathered for the cooking process.
Unlike most Balinese festivals, which celebrate the particular anniversary of a temple and are therefore scattered throughout of the calendar, Galungan and Kuningan are all island holidays, everywhere, temples are dressed up with prada – Balinese cloth from fake gold or white, or yellow, red, black wrapped around individual shrines as a sign that they are occupied (gods are visiting their descendants).
The ancestors do not come before being properly invited. They are expected to come on the Sugihan day when one makes offerings for the welfare of the world, the call is made in familiar language. This is most important for dead souls that have not yet undergone to entire cleansing process. If the dead body is still buried in the cementery, the soul is thought to be still hanging around nearby. If the corpse has already been cremated and the soul enshrined in the family temple, the danger is diminished and the chances are that its influence will be beneficial. Visit from the ancestors is expected to last until Kuningan. They will have feasted long enough and it will be time for them to go back to their realm of death.
Kuningan day is celebrated 10 days after Galungan day, where the Hindus in Bali do the same routine as Galungan day. But one thing make so much different from the type of rice that it use for the offering is yellow color. Beside for offering they also do for their meals after finished all the routine of the ceremony.